Penetration testing is performed on network devices such as computer, routers, workstations, switches, IP phones, wireless cards, and wireless cards. The goal of penetration testing is to reveal the security vulnerabilities of an application or system like network, computer, server, software, firewalls, etc. To perform the penetration testing of network, there require some sequential steps for penetration testing. The most important and initial step for any penetration testing process is to configure the test machine. Most of the network-testing tools to support multi-configuration and parallel testing.
The configuration of the tool allows the user to select the test machines, probes and the scanning methods that are required according to the specific requirements of the project. The next step involves extraction of the vulnerable software from the software package. This step involves extraction of sensitive information from the software package. This sensitive information may include the control panel, files, registry keys, etc. A good network testing tool enables detection of the exploited code, vulnerability, and exploits.
The third step in penetration testing steps involves gaining access to the actual program. The gain of access will enable the tester to determine whether the application security is breached or not. The gained access can be broken into various components for the complete exploitation of the security vulnerability. The remaining steps of the testing process to allow the analyst to gain knowledge about the attack methodology, information about the control systems, and so on.
Penetration Testing Steps
A typical pen tester may choose various methods to perform penetration testing steps. Some penetration testing tools can be used in a staged fashion, where a pre-determined set of rules or attack scenarios are generated dynamically based on the inputs supplied by the testers. The method used by the penetration testing tool can be integrated with a user interface to generate a list of attacks that the tester will then execute. For more elaborate testing scenarios, the tester can directly manipulate the underlying programming code of the targeted application.
Open-source penetration testing steps include reconnaissance. Recon reconnaissance involves gaining access to a system without the knowledge of end-users or developers. This enables a pen tester to gather threat information that will be useful in a pen test. Typically, the purpose of this kind of investigation is to find out if a security flaw is present. The goal of the pen test is to reveal the internal logic of the software that controls the targeted system.
Cloud pen testing is another form of penetration testing that takes place on the Internet. In a cloud pen testing, testers use tools that run on a remote server. In a cloud pen testing environment, testers can collaborate across different devices with the use of web based email and desktop conferencing. Cloud pen testing can take place in the context of an app that is installed in a user’s device or in a hosted environment. The latter is more ideal for large organizations because it reduces the cost involved and the time it takes to conduct the actual testing.